Purification and characterization of a high-molecular-weight protein induced in rat serum during the development of cardiac hypertrophy
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A relatively high-molecular-weight polypeptide was found in rat serum within 6 h after aortic constriction in experimental animals. This polypeptide persists for about 7 days of the postoperative period and disappears at later stage of hypertrophy (40%). Further, fractionation and purification of this protein through DEAE-Sepharose and gel filtration chromatography have revealed that this protein is a single polypeptide and its relative molecular weight is 135 kDa. Immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence microscopic analysis have indicated the presence of the above polypeptide in the nuclear fraction of heart cells. Studies on phosphorylation in vitro have revealed that this protein is a phosphoprotein. DNase I sensitivity and hybridization using a muscle specific gene probe have indicated the involvement of this protein in template associated changes in heart nuclei. Further the possibility of this protein being synthesized by heart cells indicates that this protein could traverse back and forth between heart cells and the extracellular fluid, suggesting an autocrine/paracrine role for this protein during the development of cardiac hypertrophy.
author list (cited authors)
Mariappan, M., Selvamurugan, N., & Rajamanickam, C.