Developmental expression of estrogen receptor mRNA in the rat cerebral cortex: a nonisotopic in situ hybridization histochemistry study.
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The distribution of estrogen receptor mRNA expression was studied in the developing rat cerebral cortex by in situ hybridization histochemistry. We used a specific, nonisotopically (digoxigenin) labeled, synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide complementary to a 48 base sequence in the region of the estrogen-binding domain of rat uterine estrogen receptor cDNA. During development, estrogen receptor mRNA was observed in all forebrain regions previously reported to bind estrogen, as determined by steroid autoradiography or nuclear binding assay. In the developing cerebral cortex, estrogen receptor mRNA was extensively expressed in the ventricular zone, primitive plexiform layer, and immature cortical plate at least as early as embryonic day 16. During the first 3 postnatal weeks, cortical mRNA expression was increasingly restricted to the upper third of the cerebral cortex and to the neurons of the cortical subplate (layer VIb/VII) and decreased to low levels by postnatal day 28. In the cerebral cortex, the spatial distribution of estrogen receptor mRNA expression overlapped that reported for the encoded protein. The extensive distribution of estrogen receptor mRNA throughout the late prenatal and early postnatal cerebral cortex points to an important role for estrogen in the differentiation and maturation of the cerebral cortex.
author list (cited authors)
Miranda, R. C., & Toran-Allerand, C. D.