Kota, Sri Harsha (2009-08). Modeling Air Quality Near Freeways Using a Three Dimensional Eulerian Model. Master's Thesis. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • Near-road air quality studies have indicated the presence of high levels of pollutants. In this study, a three dimensional Eulerian model is developed which can be used to study the air quality near freeways. A vehicle-induced turbulence parameterization is included in the model to estimate better the turbulent diffusion of pollutants. The near-road air quality model is used to study two different cases. In the first case, the model is validated using the data from General Motor's SF6 dispersion experiment, conducted at Michigan in 1976. Sensitivity of the model to meteorology and traffic-related parameters are studied in detail. In the second case, the spatial distribution of ozone, carbon monoxide, NOx and 1,3-Butadiene near a simulated 8-lane freeway was studied. Model simulation for the first case yielded better results than US EPA's CALINE models which were previously used for regulatory purposes. Model performance when analyzed at different wind directions shows an overall good performance. The results also show that the model performs well at surface but slightly over predicts pollutant concentration at higher elevations. The simulation results for second case at different directions of wind and at different boundary conditions for model species, places emphasis on the importance of the inclusion of the chemical mechanism in the study of near-road air quality.
  • Near-road air quality studies have indicated the presence of high levels of pollutants. In this study, a three dimensional Eulerian model is developed which can be used to study the air quality near freeways. A vehicle-induced turbulence parameterization is included in the model to estimate better the turbulent diffusion of pollutants. The near-road air quality model is used to study two different cases. In the first case, the model is validated using the data from General Motor's SF6 dispersion experiment, conducted at Michigan in 1976. Sensitivity of the model to meteorology and traffic-related parameters are studied in detail. In the second case, the spatial distribution of ozone, carbon monoxide, NOx and 1,3-Butadiene near a simulated 8-lane freeway was studied.
    Model simulation for the first case yielded better results than US EPA's CALINE models which were previously used for regulatory purposes. Model performance when analyzed at different wind directions shows an overall good performance. The results also show that the model performs well at surface but slightly over predicts pollutant concentration at higher elevations. The simulation results for second case at different directions of wind and at different boundary conditions for model species, places emphasis on the importance of the inclusion of the chemical mechanism in the study of near-road air quality.

ETD Chair

publication date

  • August 2009